Motu Motiro Hiva Marine Park

formerly referred to as the Sala y Gómez Marine Park

Established:  October 6, 2010
Location:  Off the coast of Chile, approximately 250 nautical miles from Easter Island
Size:  Approximately 150,000 km2 or 57,900 mi2
Website:  http://www.subpesca.cl/controls/neochannels/neo_ch593/neochn593.aspx

In October of 2010, the Chilean government announced the creation of a no-take marine reserve of 150,000 square kilometers (about 58,000 square miles) surrounding the small island of Sala y Gómez in the Pacific Ocean. The park, later renamed Moto Motiro Hiva Marine Park, expands Chile’s total marine protected area more than 100 times, from 0.03 percent to 4.41 percent of the country’s territorial waters. The creation of this marine reserve stemmed from a March 2010 preliminary scientific expedition to the island of Sala y Gómez, which found abundant populations of vulnerable species such as sharks and lobsters, and revealed unexpectedly high biodiversity in deeper waters. A second expedition which took place in February 2011 revealed that 73 percent of individual fish species in Motu Motiro Hiva are endemic, and that 44 percent of the seabed contains live corals, with an excellent conservation status, that serve as habitat for several species of fish and invertebrates. Additionally, large predators like sharks, horse mackerel and yellowtail amberjacks account for 43 percent of reef fish in Motu Motiro Hiva. Researchers from National Geographic, the Waitt Foundation, and Oceana, collaborators on the expeditions, have since advocated for expanding the area of Motu Motiro Hiva Marine Park due to the interconnectivity between ecosystems in this area of the Pacific Ocean.